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Aadhar Laparoscopic Gynaecology CentreAadhar Laparoscopic Gynaecology Centre
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Aadhar Laparoscopic Gynaecology Centre


Types of Laparoscopic Gynae Surgery


Laparoscopically Assisted Vaginal Hysterectomy (LAVH) is a procedure using laparoscopic surgical techniques and instruments to remove the uterus (womb) and/or tubes and ovaries through the vagina (birth canal).

Its greatest benefit is the potential to convert what would have been an abdominal hysterectomy into a vaginal hysterectomy. An abdominal hysterectomy requires both a vaginal incision and a four to six inch long incision in the abdomen, which is associated with greater post-operative discomfort and a longer recovery period than for a vaginal procedure. Another advantage of the LAVH may be the removal of the tubes and ovaries which on occasion may not be easily removed with a vaginal hysterectomy.


Hysteroscopic surgery involves placing a small telescope instrument within the uterine cavity and examining the cavity. Scar tissues, polyps or small fibroid tumors can be removed without difficulty. This procedure has fewer surgical risks than a hysterectomy and provides an option to hysterectomy for stopping or reducing menstrual flow or for removing small fibroids or polyps while preserving a young woman’s fertility.


Cysts are a common cause of concern among women. But, it is important to know that the vast majority of ovarian cysts are not cancer. However, some benign cysts will require treatment in that they do not go away by themselves, and in quite rare cases, others may be cancerous.

A number of ways have been developed to allow the removal of the entire ovary with the laparoscope. Using either special sutures or surgical staples, the blood vessels going to the ovary can be tied, and the ovary cut away and removed. In most situations, the operating time for laparoscopic surgery takes no longer than standard surgery. However, the benefit of laparoscopic surgery is that you may leave the hospital the same day and return to normal activity within a week or two.


The treatment is determined by the type of breast disease. Surgery is usually the first line of attack against breast cancer. There are multiple surgical options for breast cancer including lumpectomy, simple mastectomy, modified radical mastectomy and lymph node removal through laparoscopically. 


Laparoscopic-assisted myomectomy is as effective as myomectomy by laparotomy, but it is associated with a smaller abdominal incision and shorter hospital stay.